对外经济贸易大学2019年翻译硕士MTI真题及参考答案

一、请将以下英文术语或词组翻译成中文,然后用中文加以简洁定义(每小题3分,共15分)

1.Budget deficit:财政赤字,是指一国政府在每一财政年度开始之初,总会制定一个当年的财政预算方案,若实际执行结果收入大于支出,为财政赢余,支出大于收入的经济现象,就叫作财政赤字。

2.Countervailing duty: 继续阅读对外经济贸易大学2019年翻译硕士MTI真题及参考答案

真题网英语学习BOOK群更新内容和常见问题

了满足用户对外文畅销书的需求,我们正式面向外文书籍爱好者推出1个BOOK付费群, 经过4个月的试运行,增加了更新内容并推出四项福利 ,具体包括:

1.更新内容
第一类, 英语学习外刊 。 《English Island _英語岛 》、 《Studio Classroom 空中英語教室 》、 《CNN互动英语》、《常春藤解析英语 Ivy League Analytical English》、 《Live互动英语》 、 《ABC互动英语》 、 《Advanced 彭蒙惠英语》 。


第二类, 书评类杂志。《纽约书评》、《伦敦书评》 、《巴黎评论》、《纽约时报书评》 、《卫报评论_Guardian Review 》、《 The Times Saturday Review 》、
《泰晤士报文学增刊》 (experimental ) 。

第三类 精选报纸。New york times、《卫报·The Guardian》、《华尔街日报》、《金融时报》、《华盛顿邮报·The Washington Post》、法国《巴黎人报》、西班牙《国家报》、《中国日报》、The Times、China Daily、China Daily Asia Weekly Edition、Le Monde、USA Today、Handelsblatt、西班牙
《国家报·El País》 。

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第五类 精选杂志——月刊 。 《蟋蟀王国 Cricket》、《哈佛商业评论》、《麻省理工科技评论》、 《外交政策》、《外交事务》、《科学美国人》 Reader’s Digest、Vogue、《大西洋月刊》 、IMF Finance & Development 等。

第六类 报刊杂志合集 。目前百度云群文件备份约100多G,内容为群自4月成立以来的分享内容,主要是方便群成员一键保存群内文件。每周备份一次!

第七类 双语文章选。每日更新economist、nyt word版双语文章。

上述内容都在一个群里,群满则不再收人。带 experimental 字样表明处于试运行状态,暂时不能保证期期有。具体样本可参考本站微博 @翻译硕士MTI真题网 的分享。我们会基于用户反馈发掘其他外刊杂志,并根据 用户反馈、 下载量动态调整更新内容。 继续阅读真题网英语学习BOOK群更新内容和常见问题

山东大学2016年翻译硕士MTI真题及答案

I. Directions: Translate the following words, abbreviations or terminology into their target language respectively.  (30′)

NGO:非政府组织(Non-Governmental Organization)

GATT:关贸总协定(General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade)

UNESCO:联合国教科文组织(United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization) 继续阅读山东大学2016年翻译硕士MTI真题及答案

韦氏词典2019年度词汇:they

  周二,韦氏词典宣布人称代词they(他们/她们)为年度词汇,这标志着越来越多人使用这个古老的复数人称代词,来指代性别认同非二元的个人。

韦氏词典2019年度词汇:they

  Merriam-webster on Tuesday named the personal pronoun “they” as its word of the year, marking the growing use of the ancient plural personal pronoun to refer to individuals whose gender identity is not binary.

  该词典称,年度词汇是基于数据选出的:2019年,韦氏词典网站和应用程序中,they的词义搜索量比去年增加了313%。去年的年度词汇是justice(正义),2017年则是feminism(女权主义)。

  The dictionary says word of the year is chosen based on data: searches for “they” on merriam-webster’s website and app increased 313 percent in 2019 over the previous year. Last year’s word of the year was “justice”, while in 2017 it was “feminism”.

  韦氏词典总编辑彼得·索科洛夫斯基(Peter Sokolowski)说,公众对词汇的兴趣通常是由重大新闻事件驱动的。今年其他一些获得了较高搜索量的词语包括quid pro quo(交换条件)和impeachment(弹劾),这些都与政治头条新闻相关。

  Peter Sokolowski, merriam-webster’s editor-in-chief, said public interest in words is often driven by big news events. Other terms that received high searches this year included quid pro quo and impeachment, all of which were linked to political headlines.

  但像they这样的实用性词语获得搜索热潮并不常见。它可能反映出人们对越来越多使用非二元人群的代词产生的好奇和困惑。

  But it’s not often that practical terms like they get a buzz. It may reflect curiosity and confusion about the increasing use of pronouns from non-binary groups.

  许多美国人,尤其是年长的美国人在发现人们把they用作单数人称代词时,会感到有些困惑。“对于那些没有跟上形势的人,他们会这样抱怨,”韦氏词典在一篇博客文章中写道。 “将they用作不特指性别的代词是不合语法的,因为they是复数代词。”

  Many americans, especially older ones, are somewhat puzzled to find that they are used as singular personal pronouns. “For those who don’t keep up, they complain,” merriam-webster wrote in a blog post. “Using they as gender-neutral pronouns is ungrammatical because they are plural pronouns.”

  但是对于那些性别认同非二元的个人来说,被称为“他”或“她”是不准确的。皮尤研究中心(Pew Research)去年秋天进行的一项调查显示,超过三分之一的美国青少年和20出头的年轻人认识使用性别中立代词的人。这个数字是40岁左右的人的两倍,是50和60岁人的三倍。

  But for individuals whose gender identity is not binary, being called “he” or “she” is not accurate. More than a third of American teenagers and 20-somethings know someone who USES gender-neutral pronouns, according to a Pew Research survey last fall. That’s twice as many as people in their 40s and three times as many as people in their 50s and 60s.

  为其他性别认同正名的努力触发了社交媒体资料和电子邮件签名上出现的新代词。最近,一些州和市政府在身份文件中为非二元性别者添加了“X”选项,该选项以前只有“M”(男性)和“F”(女性)。此外,据《纽约时报》报道,今年至少有六个州的立法者在司法实践中努力促成单数they的使用。

  Efforts to justify other gender identities have triggered new pronouns on social media profiles and email signatures. Recently, some states and municipalities have added an “X” option to their identity documents for people who are not of the binary gender, an option previously limited to “M” (male) and “F” (female). In addition, lawmakers in at least six states have pushed for the use of the singular in judicial practice this year, according to the New York times.

  韦氏词典在其词条中为they添加了单数人称代词的定义,用来指拥有非二元性别的人,并指出在出版、编辑和社交媒体中,使用单数they来指非二元性别个人的现象越来越常见。

  Merriam-webster added a definition of singular personal pronouns to its entry for “they”, which refers to people of a non-binary gender, and noted that the use of the singular “they” to refer to non-binary individuals is increasingly common in publishing, editing and social media.

  为了详细说明这一点,韦氏词典引用了《纽约时报》最近的一篇文章:

  To elaborate on this, merriam-webster cites a recent New York times article:

  周二,韦氏词典援引2019年的几则新闻来解释促使人们搜索they一词的好奇心。在众议院司法委员会的一次听证会上,议员普拉米拉·贾亚帕(Pramila Jayapal)表示,they是她孩子的代词。歌手山姆·史密斯(Sam Smith)宣布其代词是they和them。美国心理学会(American Psychological Association)建议在学术写作中使用单数形式的they来指代性别未知者,或那些自己使用they的人。

  On Tuesday, merriam-webster cited several news stories from 2019 to explain the curiosity that drives searches for the word they. At a hearing of the house judiciary committee, lawmaker Pramila Jayapal said they were her children’s pronouns. The singer Sam Smith announced that his pronouns were they and them. The American Psychological Association recommends using the singular form “they” in academic writing to refer to people of unknown gender or to those who use them themselves.

  “作为一个语言爱好者,这个事情中有趣的是我们目睹了社会因素直接影响语言的转变,”索科洛夫斯基说。“这种影响我们大概凭直觉就能知道,但很少能像在这件事中看到的那么清晰。”

  What’s interesting about this, as a language lover, is that we’re seeing social factors directly influence the transformation of language, sokolowski said. “The effect is something we know intuitively, but rarely as clearly as we see in this case.”

牛津词典2019年度词汇:气候紧急状态( climate emergency )

  The Oxford Dictionaries listed the “climate emergency” as the 2019 annual vocabulary, which was selected from a list of all environmentally relevant vocabulary candidates, including “climate action”. (climate action), “climate denial” (denying climate change), “eco-anxiety” (ecological anxiety), “extinction” (extinction) and “flight shame” (flight shame).

《牛津词典》(Oxford Dictionaries)将“climate emergency”(气候紧急状态)列为2019年年度词汇,它是从一份全部同环境有关的词汇候选名单中选出的,其中还包括“climate action”(气候行动)、“climate denial”(否认气候变化)、“eco-anxiety”(生态焦虑)、“extinction”(灭绝)和“flight shame”(飞行羞辱)。 继续阅读

CATTI英语笔译实务(2级)2017年11月考试真题与答案

Section 1 English-Chinese Translation (50 points)

Translate the following two passages into Chinese.

Passage 1

You’ve temporarily misplaced your cell phone and anxiously retrace your steps to try to find it. Or perhaps you never let go of your phone—it’s always in your hand, your pocket, or your bag, ready to be answered or consulted at a moment’s notice. When new models come out, you feel bad about saying goodbye to your electronic pal. 继续阅读CATTI英语笔译实务(2级)2017年11月考试真题与答案