I. Directions: Translate the following words, abbreviations or terminology into their target language respectively. (30 points)

1. EQ: 情商(Emotional Quotient)

2. A/P: 应付账(Accounts Payable); 委托购买证(Authority to Purchase)

3. IMF: 国际货币基金组织(International Monetary Fund)

4. LAN: 局域网(Local Area Network)

5. GMO: 转基因生物(genetically modified organisms)

6. ISS: 国际空间站(International Space Station );工业标准规格(Industry Standard Specification)

7. ICRC: 国际红十字委员会(International Committee of the Red Cross)

8. UNEP: 联合国环境规划署(United Nations Environment Programme)

9. TARGET:泛欧实时全额自动清算系统 (Trans-European Automated Real-time Gross settlement Express Transfer)

10. carbon footprint:碳足迹

11. Church of England:英国国教会

12. fine arts:美术

13. multi-language vendor:多语种供应商;多语种服务商

14. liberal arts education:博雅教育;人文教育;通识教育

15. Standard & Poor’s Composite Index:标准普尔综合指数

16.《论语》:The Analects of Confucius


18.安乐死: euthanasia

19.核威慑:nuclear deterrent; nuclear deterrence

20.概念文化:concept of culture

21.教育公平:equal access to education; Educational Equity

22.国际结算: international clearing;international settlements

23.经济适用房:(economically) affordable housing

24.文化软实力:culture soft power

25.行政问责制:administrative accountability (system)

26.保税物流园区: Bonded logistics park;bonded logistic zone

27.中国海关总署:China’s General Administration of Customs

28.黑社会性质组织:mafia-like criminal gangs; underworld organization

29.和平共处五项原则:the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence

30.国家中长期人才发展规划纲要(2010-2020) : National Program for Medium and Long-term Talent Development (2010-2020)

II. Directions: Translate the following two source texts into their target language respectively.  (120 points)

Source Text 1: (60 points)

The current limitations of internet learning are actually those of publishing world: who creates a quality product that offers a coherent analysis of the world we live in? The answer has to lie in a group of people, organized in some way both intellectually and technologically. In the past this has usually been through books and articles. Some of the learning successes of the internet illustrate just how this can work in practice. A classic example is Wikeipedia, an online encyclopedia created on a largely voluntary basis by contributors. The underlying mechanisms of Wikipedia are techological: you can author an article by following hyperlinks — and the instructions. There are intellectual mechanisms built in, looking at the quality of what is submitted. This does not mean that the articles are all equally good, or equal in quality to those encyclopeidas created by expert, paid authors. However, there is no doubt that the service is a useful tool, and a fascinating demonstration of the power of distributed volunteer networks. A commercial contrast 一 which is also free 一 is the very rigorous Wolfram mathematics site, which has definations and explanations of many key mathematical concepts. For students who use them with the same academic, critical approach they should apply to any source of information, such resources are useful tools, especially when supplemented by those of national organizations such as the Library of Congress, the National Science Foundation and other internationally recognized bodies. There are, of course, commercially available library services that offer electronic versions of printed media, such as journals, for both professional and academic groups, and there are already a fundamental feature of higher and professional education. Regardless of the medium through which they learn, people have to be critical users of information, but at the same time the information has to be applealing and valuable to the learner. (309 words) (From Making Minds by Pal Kelley. 2008. pp. 127-128)


Source Text 2: (60 points)



参考译文:What we saw the most on this journey in the UK are not the churches, sculptures or gardens, but the economically affordable houses built with the government’s investment. Whenever we arrive m a different city, Mr. Li who accompanied us during the visit would always point out of the car window to some buildings of different heights and say: Look, these are the economically affordable houses. As it is a fact that economically affordable houses are for the poor, seeing so many such houses wherever we go brings us such a feeling: How come there are so many poor people in the UK However, the poor in the UK are nothing like the poor suffering coldness and hunger, begging along the streets as we have imagined. On the contrary, some enjoy quite nourishing life. We have seen the so-called street performers who play the guitar, bagpipes, or violin. What they are wearing is not shabby at all and if their faces do not look ruddy, but at least they look healthy and normal. Besides, the Instruments in their hands are all semi-new or even brand-new technology products. Li told us that these people were not performing in the street in howling wind for money. You can give them some if you want to after taking pictures with them and it does not matter if you give them nothing at all. What lies behind his words is: They do not expect to live on charity.


真题来自互联网 短语翻译答案由Mtizt.com提供