I. Phrase Translation
16) trade term
17) indicative price
18) customs valuation
19) AFTA (ASEAN free trade area)
20) special preferences
21) Commit No Nuisance
22) No Angling
24) high comfort hotel
25) deluxe hotel
27) sleeper with couchettes
28) film industry cinematograph
29) board of census
II. Passage translation汉译英（60分)
Section A Chinese to English
Section B English to Chinese（60分）
Students (and others) often, as I said earlier, talk about “using” this or that approach-“I think I’ll use Durkheim”-as though they had a free choice of theories. In fact, by the time they begin to write about their research, they have made many seemingly unimportant choices of details that have foreclosed their choice of a theoretical approach. They decided what questions to investigate. They picked a way of gathering information. They chose between a variety of minor technical and procedural alternatives: who to interview, how to code their data, when to stop. As they made these choices from day to day, they increasingly committed themselves to one way of thinking, more or less firmly answering the theoretical questions they thought were still up for grabs.
But sociologists, and especially students, fuss about choosing a theory for a practical reason. They have to-at least they think they do-deal with the “literature” on their topic. Scholars learn to fear the literature in graduate school. I remember Professor Louis Wirth, one of the distinguished members of the Chicago school, putting Erving Goffman, then a fellow graduate student of mine, in his place with the literature gambit. It was just what we ail feared. Believing Wirth had not given sufficiently serious attention to some influential ideas about operationalism, Goffman challenged him in class with quotations from Percy Bridgeman s book on the subject. Wirth smiled and asked sadistically, “Which edition is that, Mr. Goffman?” Maybe there was an important difference between editions, though none of us believed that. We thought, instead, that we^ better be careful about the literature or They Could Get You. “They” included not only teachers but peers, who might welcome an opportunity to show how well they knew the literature at your expenses.
——Excerpts of Chapter 8 “Terrorized by the Literature”，from Writing for Social Scientists: How to Start and Finish Your Thesis, Book, or Article.