北京外国语大学2015年翻译硕士MTI真题与答案




I. Translate the following terms into Chinese (15 points, 1 point each)

1、Bogor Goals茂物目标

2、FTAAP亚太自由贸易协定

3、zero-sum game零和博弈 

4、ALS自动着陆系统(Automatic Landing System)

5、NASA美国国家航空航天局(National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

6、genomic variation基因组变异

7、ozone depletion臭氧枯竭

8、sinology汉学

9、bitcoin比特币

10、UNCED联合国环境与发展会议(United Nations Conference on Environment and Development)

11、Paparazzo狗仔队

12、amino acid氨基酸

13、Digital divide数字鸿沟

14、Existentialism存在主义

15、Silver-spoon kids富二代

II.    Translate the following terms into English

1) 十八届四中全会the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18 th Central Committee

2) 亚太经合组织APEC(Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)

3) 互联互通Interconnection

4) 量化宽松政策quantitative easing policy

5) 公使衔参赞minister-counselor ;counsellor with the rank of minister

6) 埃博拉病毒Ebola virus

7) 自闭症autism

8) 防空识别区air defense identification zone

9) 负面清单Negative List

10) 房产税Housing property tax

11) 专利技术patented technology

12) 和而不同harmony in diversity

13) 地沟油illegal cooking oil;swill-cooked dirty oil

14) 真人秀reality show

15) 逆袭counter attack

III.    Translate the following passages into Chinese (60 points):

The 1992 Rio conference was a high watermark for environmental law. Despite all the many accomplishments since then, we must now acknowledge that Rio has not fulfilled the promises with which the world invested it. After 50 years of diligent and sophisticated work by environmental lawyers on legislation, regulation, principles, treaties, and judicial decisions, how is it that hte “actual landscape” of the world’s resources is still “slipping two steps backward for each forward stride”?

Part of the explanation for that disappointing result can be found in the statements issued by a distinguished international collections of prosecutors, judges, and legal scholars at the Rio+20-related World Congress on Justice, Governance, and Law for Environmental Sustainability. They focused almost exclusively on matters of substantive doctrine and legal procedure. Recommitment to enhancing “law” in this narrow sense-a body of formal rules and principles and the judicial and prosecutorial mechanisms for their application and enforcement-certainly has great value, and that work should go forward vigorously. But the ongoing ecological deterioration is traceable in large part to pervasive social and political attitudes favoring a growth-based model of economic “development” that steadily intensifies human appropriation of planetary resources.

To address the root of the problem, it will be argued there, environmental law needs a more expansive society-based conception of “law”, one that activates law as a social institution engaged broadly with the habits and customs, the expectations and aspirations, of people and organizations in their daily lives. Environmental lawyers, then, need a fresh and bold reimagination of their mission, to hone and use their persuasive and analytical skills in creative ways to later the social dynamic underlying environmental change and to foment a deep commitment to effective stewardship of resources.

参考译文:

IV. Translate the following passages into English (60 points):

《中庸》里面说:“好学近乎知,力行近乎仁,知耻近乎勇。”这里所说的“知 耻近乎勇”中的“耻”其实是人之为人的一个文明指标。人类文明的表现之一是 要有羞耻心,也可以叫“羞恶之心”。孟子讲:“无恻隐之心,非人也;无羞恶之 心,非人也;无辞让之心,非人也;无是非之心,非人也。”

恻隐之心,就是不忍,就是“恕”,就是“己所不欲勿施于人”。辞让之心, 就是文明礼貌;是非之心,就是社会的公平正义。而羞恶之心,就是“知耻”。 孟子说这四个方面是人的“四端”,即做人的开始。没有这起码的四点,就不是 “人”了,孟子称之为“非人”。

孟子讲的“四端”在今天的意义,不需要多讲。当今社会,人和人之间的同 情心都成了稀罕物了。见死不救仅仅是怕法律误判吗?我看主要是缺少“是非之 心”,缺少正义感,缺少同情心,缺少悲悯之心。所以,如果讲当代社会大家共 同的价值,我觉得应该是礼义廉耻。这四个字源自中国文化最基本的价值,应该 成为今天全社会共认的价值。(刘梦溪)

参考译文:

 

 

百科知识名词解释

1、尼罗河

2、战略伙伴关系

3、四大菩萨

4、十字军

5、中亚五国

6、  日心说

7、元素周期律

8、金字塔

9、APEC

10、金砖四国

11、九大行星

12、六部

13、牡丹亭

14、俄狄浦斯王

15、三一律

16、“新寓言”派

17、《菊与刀》

18、丝绸之路经济带

19、IS

20、东盟

21、南北战争

22、二十八宿

23、说文解字

24、苏辛

25、?

两篇作文

第一篇让你写篇新闻类型的文章,要求结合最近发生的时事。14年暑假时房太子吸毒事件很烈,当时脑子里第一个想到的就是这个就用了这个新闻,感觉写的不太好,试卷上有蛮多涂改,大家一定要注意卷面整洁= =

第二篇是材料作文,材料是当年崔护外出时见到一位美丽的女子,后来再去时那女子确再也找不着,崔护伤心之余却写下了流传千古的《题都城南庄》,名句“人面不知何处在,桃花依旧笑春风”。让你结合这个材料以“缺憾也是另一种美”写一篇800字作文。

 

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北京外国语大学2015年翻译硕士MTI真题与答案
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