1. Abstract translation –
4. Appeal-focused texts
5. Multi-media texts
7. Loan translation
10. Consecutive interpreting
11. Domesticating translation
14. Poly-system theory
1. The stages of a writer 5s professional life are marked not by a name on an office door, but by a name in ink. There was the morning when my father came home carrying a stack of Sunday papers because my byline was on page one, and the evening that I persuaded a security guard to hand over an early edition, still warm from the presses, with my first column. But there5s nothing to compare to the day when someone hands over a hardcover book with your name on the cover! I，m just’ not sure the moment would have had the same grandeur had my work been downloaded instead into an e-reader.
Reading is not simply an intellectual pursuit but an emotional and spiritual one. Thafs why it survives. There are stili millions of people who like the paper version, at least for now. And if that changes-well, what is a book，really? Is it its body, or its soul?
Laughlin acknowledges that “a lot of responsible people” are worried about atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels. This has, he says，“the potential” to modify the weather by raising average temperatures several degrees centigrade and that governments have taken “significant，although ineffective，” steps to slow the warming. “Qn the scales of time relevant to itself, the earth doesn’t care about any of these governments or their legislation.”
Someday, all the fossil fuels that used to be in the ground will be burned. After that, in about a millennium, the earth will dissolve most of the resulting carbon dioxide into the oceans. The dissolving will leave the concentration in the atmosphere only slightly higher than today’s. Then “over tens of millennia, or perhaps hundreds” the earth will transfer the excess carbon dioxide into its rocks, “eventually returning levels in the sea and air to what they were before humans arrived on the scene.” This will take an eternity as human reckon, but a blink in geologic time.
国际空间站的设计初衷是作为一个向其他星球发送航天器的平台。不过，这一使命后来 转变成了一个绕地球运行的实验室，对人类和其他生物体在太空环境下的表现进行试验，希 望藉此对基本生命功能有更多的了解、发现新的医疗方法。在很多试验中，需要有人类进行。