Part One. Term or Phrase Translation (30 points)
A. Translate the following into Chinese (15 points).
1. green development绿色发展
2. national big data strategy全国大数据战略
3. Friedrich Nietzschean弗里德里希尼采
4. Northeast Asia Security东北亚安全
5. Proliferation of nuclear weapons核武器扩散
7. Intangible cultural heritage非物质文化遗产
9. Cultural icon文化图腾
10. A male-dominated society男权社会
11. Ecological red line生态红线
13. Reversal is the movement of Tao反者道之动
14. Dialectical thinking辩证思维
B.Translate the following into Chinese. (15 points)
1. 全球经济治理 global economic governance
2. 维护国家核心利益 to protect the core interest of state
3. 歼-20隐形战机J-20 stealth fighter jet
4. 十三五规划 the 13th Five-Year Plan
5. 唯心主义 idealism
6. 汉传佛教China’s Buddhism
7. （儒家）仁 humaneness
8. 人口普查 demographic census
9. 鲇鱼效应 catfish effect
10. 贸易保护主义 trade protectionism
11. （圣经）十诫 the Ten commandments
12. 自拍杆 selfie pole
13. 鲁迅逝世80周年纪念日 the 80thanniversary of Luxun
14. 中庸之道 the doctrine of golden mean
15. 极简主义 minimalism
Part Two. Translate the following into Chinese (60 points).
What is leadership?
What is leadership?Its qualities are difficult to define. But they are not so difficult to identify.
Leaders don ‘t force other people to go along with them. They bring them along. Leaders get commitment from others by giving itthemselves, by building an environment that encourages creativity, and by operating with honesty and fairness.Good leaders aren’ t”lone rangers. “They recognize that an organization’ s strategies for success require the combined talentsand efforts of many people. Leadership is the catalyst for transforming those talents into results.Successful leaders are emotionally and intellectually oriented to the future–not wedded to the past. They have a hunger to takeresponsibility, to innovate, andto initiate. They are not content with merely taking care of what’ s already there. They want to moveforward to create something new. Leaders provide answers as well as direction, offer strength as well as dedication, and speak fromexperience as well as understanding of the problems they face and the peopie they work with.
Leaders are flexible rather than dogmatic. They believe in unity rather than yielding. And they strive to achieve agreements out ofconflict.
Leadership is all about getting people consistently to give their best, helping them to grow to their fullest potential, and motivatingthem to work toward a common good. Leaders make the right things happen when they’re supposed to.
A good leader, an effective leader, is one who has respect. Respect is something you have to have in order to get.A leader whohas respect for other people at all levels of an organization, for the work they do, and for their abilities, desires and needs, will find thatrespect is returned. And all concerned will be motivated to work together.
Part Three. Translate the Following into English. (60 points)