I. Directions: Translate the following words, abbreviations or terminology into their target language respectively.
I. From English to Chinese: (15)
1 .Economic dynamics：动态经济学；经济调度
2. Nuclear proliferation：核扩散
3. International reserve currencies：国际储备货币
4. Stoop labor：弯腰劳动
5. Head the ball home：头球破门
6. Herd capacity：放牧能力
7. Wear and tear：损耗；磨损
9. Rotating EU presidency：欧盟轮值主席国
12. Ready-made card：现成的贺卡
13. Nitric acid：硝酸
14. Ethical issue：伦理问题
15. The human genome race
II. From Chinese into English: (15)
1.转基因作物：genetically modified crops
5.亚运会：the Asian Games
9.联合国维和活动：UN’s peacekeeping activities
11.电视现场直播：live TV broadcast
14.隔热层：insulating layer; heat insulating layer
Part II Translate the following passages (120)
I. From English to Chinese (40)
“It’s like the facts of life talk with our kids; no one wants to have it, but you have to do it,” says Eleanor Blayney, consumer advocate for the Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards. “People worry that if they sit down with Mom or Dad, it will be awkward or difficult. But it’s important to open up about your goals and aspirations, and then ask people in the family what their situation is. You model the conversation by sharing where you are.”
Conversely, Blayney says these meetings may go “one generation up,” where the needs of aging parents or grandparents get discussed. That gets tricky for many, as three out of four Americans have never discussed long-term care with their loved ones, according to Genworth’s 2011 Financial Reality Check Study.
If that subject is on the agenda, “Be straightforward and don’t take family members by surprise,” says Genworth national spokesperson Wendy Boglioli. “Tell your family that you have something important you want to talk about and do it in a comfortable, pleasant setting.”
“With elder parents, you have to ask them if they need some help with living expenses, medical expenses, all sorts of things,” adds Bob Stammers, head of investor education for the CFA Institute, a global nonprofit of investment professionals from more than 100 countries. “Some people don’t like to talk about it, and so you have to come at it from the heart. The older generation doesn’t like to admit they need some help.”(选自路透社报道 Families talk turkey at Thanksgiving financial meetings mtizt.com注）
Source Text 2. (20 分）
Singer Chris Walton is better known by her stage name “The Dutchess” in US states Nevada and California. But her voice is far from the first thing you would notice if you bumped into her in the street.The 45-year-old woman has the world’s longest fingernails. She stopped cutting them 18 years ago, and now her nails have now reached an incredible 20 feet.The bizarre nails curl in all directions – yet the mother of five cooks and cleans, and can even play the piano and use a computer.Her amazing dedication to her nails has been officially recognised by the 2012 edition of the Guinness Record Book. She painted them a dazzling gold to celebrate. (117 words)
据英国《每日邮报》11月28日报道，在美国内华达州和加利福尼亚州，歌手克丽丝·沃尔顿更广为人知的是她的艺名“公爵夫人”。但如果你在街上与她偶遇， 她的声音绝对不会是你第一件注意到的事。这名45岁的女性拥有世界上最长的指甲。从18年前起她开始不再修剪，到如今，她的指甲已经长到了令人难以置信的 20英尺。这罕见的长指甲向不同的方向卷曲着——但是这位五个孩子的母亲仍能做饭、清洗，甚至弹钢琴和使用电脑。她对指甲的令人惊讶的养护已经正式确认将 被载入2012年《吉尼斯世界纪录大全》。为了庆祝这件事，她把指甲全部涂成了耀眼的金色。
Sourcc Text 3 (30 分）
One day, when Zeng Shen’s wife was going to the market, their son cried and clamoured to go with her.
“Go back now!” she wheedled him. “When I get home we’ll kill the pig for you.”
Upon her return, she found Zeng Shen about to kill the pig. She hastily stopped him.
“I didn’t really mean it,” she protested. “I just said that to keep the boy quiet.”
“How can you deceive a child like that?” asked Zeng Shen. “Children know nothing to begin with, but they copy their parents and learn from them. When you cheat the boy, you are teaching him to lie. If a mother deceives her child, he will not trust her, and that is no way to bring him up.”
So he killed the pig after all.
Source Text 4 （30 分）
当今中国仍面临着实现工业化的任务，那么，如何利用和借鉴日本的工业化 技术和经验来加快中国工业化， 就成为我国发展对日关系的根本利益所在。而日 本也需要从中国的快速经济增长和充满活力的改革中获益， 这又成为日本发展对 华关系的根本利益所在。 中日两国有着各自的生产要素优势，如劳动力、土地、技术、资金，管理等， 发展中日经济合作可以促使两国各自优势的活力竞相迸发， 这也是发展中日经贸 关系的根本目的之所在。（195字）
China is still faced with the task of realizing industrialization. Hence, the fundamental interests of China’s relations with Japan lie in how to make use of and learn from Japan’s technology and experience to accelerate China’s industrialization. While on Japan’s part, it is of fundamental interest to benefit from China’s rapid economic growth and energetic reform. China and Japan have their respective advantages regarding productive factors, such as labor forces, land, technology, capital and management. Developing Sino-Japanese economic cooperation can help activate the respective advantages of the two countries, which is also a fundamental objective in developing Sino-Japanese economic and trade relationship.